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Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Yet More on Atrium

It seems that the Atrium fiasco is dying down. I ams still taken aback by the fall out. Two scholars left Northwestern, Atrium will likely never be published again, and a prestigious university has a black eye. This is stunning to me, akin to a bad joke, but this is no joke. I will ponder what took place for a long time. Last night as I watched the full moon rise I was reminded that when it comes to disability rights the pace of change is glacial. Linking sexuality and disability remains a taboo for some. Disability is a social beast few outside disability rights care much about. Exceptions exist of course. Why I am even friends with bipedal people.

There is no outrage on the part of others when my rights are violated. Oh, I get a lot of sorries, many awkward silences, reprisals for not disclosing my disability in advance, avoidance etc. What I do not get often is a warm reception and support from strangers. While it pales in comparison to what Alice Dreger has experienced, I have taken much heat over the last year because of my essay in Atrium. I do not know what to make of my experience. I do know the controversy that erupted clouded the fine work of other scholars who contributed to Atrium. I do know the controversy did not prompt a discussion about sexuality and disability. To this end, the Chronicle of Higher Education published a short opinion piece I wrote. Link: http://chronicle.com/article/Sexual-Healing/232765/#disqus_thread

Here are the final few paragraphs: I knew there was a possibility that my essay would cause controversy. But the controversy I imagined revolved around disability, sexuality, and the professionalism of health-care workers. Having spent most of my adolescence on various neurological wards, I am well aware that health care is a series of complex relationships among people with divergent backgrounds and expectations. That is why I think that sexual relations between patients and health-care professionals is inappropriate.
I wanted to write about a unique and little-known history. Medical technology was not revered as it is today, mostly because it was absent. In place of technology, and in the absence of a universally accepted approach to rehabilitation, health-care workers were wildly creative. The focus was on what a body could do at a given level of injury. Walking was dismissed, and new forms of navigating the world were embraced. No idea was off the table, if it could help someone function in the wider world.
Such creativity is largely absent today. With an average length of stay for in-patient rehabilitation about 55 days, people with spinal-cord injuries cannot possibly learn all they need to know about bowel and bladder control, skin care, and so on. Teaching those imperative, but mundane, life skills does not attract patients or generate revenue. Instead, rehabilitation centers market and brand themselves around various forms of expensive, cutting-edge technology or a focus on cure.
Those approaches perpetuate feel-good stories about people overcoming paralysis and learning how to walk, thus increasing even more the stigma associated with using a wheelchair. That is a social failure for newly paralyzed patients and their families. Thinking about what people with disabilities can do rather than what they can’t do requires imagination — which my "head nurses" had in abundance.

Saturday, August 29, 2015

Loneliness Reinforced

A friend told me that I wrote quite a post yesterday. My new philosophy of life indicates that despite 40 years of progressive legislation society remains hostile to people with a disability. Access and equality is at best decades away. Given this, I am acting out of self preservation. I want to reduce emotional pain and negative social interaction as much as possible. Accordingly I go out at odd times. I often do grocery shopping at 5 or 6AM. No one is in the store. I do the same with with laundry--the laundromat attracts shall we say characters. I rarely go out on weekends. Weekends are high risk days. People abound and they usually have something to say that is far from positive. I was in my small local town this weekend and a store owner asked me if I could get a speeding ticket in my wheelchair. I just looked at him, my facial expression neutral, and said nothing. He was pleased with himself and laughing out loud (he does not know it but he lost my business).

I should know not to go to a diner on the weekend (Sunday is always a no go). But I had a yen for an egg sandwich and the local diner is pretty good. They have a one egg, thin slice of cheese and two pieces of bacon sandwich. Perfect for my limited appetite. I got there around 6:30AM, a bit later than I am comfortable with. The place was relatively empty. I see a table in an ideal location so the waitress or customers will not hit my wheelchair as they go by. With a minute of sitting down I observed three men my age drinking coffee. I can hear snippets of their conversation. They are discussing religion. The hair on the back of my neck goes up. This is trouble. I know they are going to say something given half a chance. I think I better move. I stopped myself though. I am being a bigot. I am assuming they will be trouble based on a sixth sense?  They could just be three guys who got into a religious discussion. Wrong.

I ordered my food and am reading the newspaper on my phone. The men in question have finished their food and as they walk by me the man in the center stops and they all turn to me. Oh, no. I have no where to go. I am trapped. The man says "We are going to pray for your crippled body and rotten soul.  We are going to pray for your sins and ask God not to strike you down again for you have sinned terribly". With that they got on their knees next to the table, heads down mumbling prayers". I too wanted to pray to God. I wanted to move my right leg and kick them in the balls.  They prayed for about 90 seconds, got up and walked out.

In retrospect, I wish I had taken a video with my cell phone. I have had comparable experiences a few times this year. Most incidents I can avoid but sometimes I get trapped in a Catch 22 situation like in the diner. After the men leave I contemplate my ruined appetite with the fact I already ordered food. I think for a minute and see the waitress. In a perfunctory way she says sorry and something about the men being regular customers. I say I will pay for the meal and just want to leave. She says forget about payment and gives a slightly more sincere sorry. She is a seasoned diner waitress with a deeply lined face. She has that indifferent body language of a person that has worked at diners for decades and has seen it all. There is slight smell of diner aroma mixed with cigarettes smoke that clings to her work clothing. I leave without a word and head to the laundromat. I wonder how is it that devout believers can be so cruel? Why do heavy duty Christians see me as a target of opportunity?

Let me return to my friend's line about yesterday's post. What incentive do I have to interact with the majority of the bipedal population? I am not a human being to many but the symbol of what can go wrong in life. My existence many assume is miserable. I have a very good life and simply do not want to be forced to defend it to the Christian men that verbally assaulted me. I have no doubt they were quite pleased with their actions. I am sure they think they did God's work. I know with certainty I will never go to that diner again. What took place was well out of the norm but has happened to me continually since I was paralyzed. Social interaction is regularly skewed and nothing average remains average long when I go out. Parking my car and getting my wheelchair assembled is as astounding as the Grand Canyon. I am regularly stared at. When I bike some people have stopped on a dime as I passed them on my hand cycle and yell at me to stop. In the distance I hear "I want to look at the bike". Some bikers have followed me for miles keeping a running commentary about how amazing I am. I now have a trainer and bike in my house. I do not want to be a stranger's super cripple. I am in reality an ordinary person. Yet I am barred from being ordinary.

Frankly, I have no incentive to interact with the vast majority of bipeds. Many have my lot in life already figured out. One thing is consistent. I am inferior physically and socially. I must always justify my existence and adjust myself to a world that would prefer I not exist. Life with a disability is a social death by billions of tiny paper cuts. No one wakes up in the morning and thinks I am going to be a bigot to people with a disability. But that does not make the degradation any less real. After 37 years I am done. I will trust the hair on the back of my neck. I will avoid bipeds I do not know. I will restrict myself to campus. I will be a ghost. And I must confess I yearn for a community of like minded people who get it. I am not a bigot. Lots of people who are bipedal get it. I will embrace all those that see what I and others with a disability can do. For that is my first thought when exposed to others with a disability. I see bad asses that have survived a hostile world and adapted and thrived. I can still thrive I choose to do so alone.

Friday, August 28, 2015

Loneliness is in My Bones

Before my brother Jim died he told me "I wish you could be a bit happier". He really meant this. He did indeed want me to be happy. Many things make me happy but deep down I remain lonely. There is an ache in my bones that is ever present. No bipedal person gets it. No one who has a  typical body gets it.  Oh, many typical people try to understand but they can't. You see my people have no home. My people get beaten, molested, institutionalized, isolated, and demeaned. Stigma clings to our bodies as though we are bathed daily in super glue. Accessing health care is difficult and dangerous. Many have been offered assistance to die rather receive treatment to live. We are scoffed at when we talk about identity and disability. The ADA and 40 years of progressive legislation has put the law on our side yet there is no mandate to enforce it. When I explain the ADA is civil rights legislation people look at me as though I am crazy. I am harassed on a regular basis. I have been screamed at and spit on. I have been called the antiChrist. Me being lonely is an understatement. Think more tortured soul.

I went through the medical mill as a child. Pediatric neurology was in its infancy. The field itself was less than two years old when I presented alarming and life threatening symptoms. Cumulatively, I spent years on wards of 16 morbidly sick kids. I have been paralyzed for 37 years. I have seen the dark side of American society. I have seen the worst parts of the best buildings. I have been refused service in restaurants and am routinely seated at the cripple table when I go out to eat.  The message is unrelenting and impossible to escape: my presence is an odious reminder of how life can go wrong. Disability is very bad. Disability is expensive. I am special. We Americans hate special people. Being special is an unfair advantage. Handicapped parking is a battle zone. Housing, mass transportation, and employment force people with a disability to live on the razor edge of poverty and homelessness. Section 8 housing has a waiting list of many years. In Syracuse 95% of housing is inaccessible. I fear my landlord. They know I have nowhere to go. My loneliness is heartfelt and driven by a hostile world.

I have nightmares. I cry a lot. My brother Jim is dead. My father, the rock of my life, has been dead many years. I look at his picture daily and mourn. That mourning is never ending. My heart has been broken repeatedly. I have lost friendships I cherished. I loved two women in my life. Both broke my heart. I have a body that is freakish. Thanks to strangers I am well aware of this fact as they freely comment on my body. Life as a cripple is hard. And I am lucky! I get this too. I am indeed lucky to be alive. I never imagined being an adult much less a middle aged man living alone. I am lucky. I am well educated and live in a semi accessible rental. I love my work--I just don't have enough of it. Yes, I am lucky and state this without an inkling of irony. I am a survivor. I will relentlessly move forward. Head down I will soldier on no matter how bad things get. I do have a request though. Do not tell me I am lucky. Never ever do this. My pain is both psychic and physical. I was up all night. My hip burned like a red hot poker was on it making sleep impossible. The pain made me nostalgic. The good old days for me ended for me at age 9.

I read an essay repeatedly last night. Lara Lazenby wrote "I am a Childhood Cancer Survivor Forty Years. It is Never Over". Link: https://laralaze.wordpress.com/2015/08/23/i-am-a-childhood-cancer-survivor-forty-years-it-is-never-over/ Apparently September 4th is Childhood Cancer Awareness Day.  She wrote that cancer treatment forty years ago was archaic. It was brutal. My treatment was brutal too and it was the best medicine had to offer. Three massive surgeries on my spine and about 22 spinal taps over a period of ten years takes a toll. Like me, Lazenby has physical and emotional scars.  She wrote:

the next time you are tempted to tell a cancer survivor to “Get over it,” remember that it is never over. The side effects of childhood cancer never end. They are decades long. They creep up and blindside me. Again. And again. And again. So please get over your discomfort when cancer fighters and survivors must talk, must weep, must grieve. We are broken. Often shattered. It takes an uncertain amount of time for us to pick up the pieces of shard and rebuild our lives. Your thoughtless words only add to the emotional scars we carry. Please spend less time trying to shut us up, and more time spreading the hope because your friend, your co-worker, your family member, or the love of your life survived.
I am still here. I am surrounded by the most precious guardian angels that went before me. They are etched in my memory forever. And some day, when it is my turn to go, I will embrace them with tears and laughter. I know it.

I feel broken. I feel shattered. I am deeply flawed. I struggle with depression. I never had cancer but I sure as hell suffered as a child. I have spent much of my life in pain. I would not know how to live without pain. But what hurts the most, why I will live out the rest of my life alone, are the invectives I have been subjected to and the bigotry I have experienced. This in the marrow of my bones now.  In the last few months I have changed my entire philosophy of life without knowing it. I am weary and I have shut down. Society 1 Bad Cripple 0. If you are not in my heart already you never will be. I cannot live with additional hurt. Feeling nothing is now preferable.  I trust no one I don't already know. A man can take only so much pain. I have hit my limit.

Tuesday, August 18, 2015

Feel Good Stories: Asking all the Wrong Questions.

I am a sucker for feel good stories. My reaction though, is two fold. First, like most people, I get teary eyed and am touched by how remarkably wonderful people can be. My second reaction is quite different. I get an uneasy feeling and wonder this story does not sound right. I do some online research, rational thinking and more often than not the facts that prompted one's heart to flutter are hopelessly skewed. One such feel good story floating around the internet is about a New Jersey waitress, Liz Woodward, who wrote a thoughtful note to two tired firefighters who had spent the night putting out a fire that was difficult to extinguish. She wrote a wonderful note and gave them a free meal.

 
No doubt this was thoughtful. The diner did not comp the fire fighters a meal, Liz Woodward did. The firefighters were touched. They deemed her gesture selfless and posted the above photograph on Facebook. The story is nice but not so touching to merit much more than a small story in the local Southern New Jersey newspapers. So, yes as a hawker would cry out: "But there's more!" The more is Liz Woodward father Steve who is a quadriplegic. Oh, the tragedy! The firefighters felt compelled to reward Liz Woodward and of course the tragedy in the form of her father Steve is really draws people. It is also where the story falls off the rails. From ABC News the headline is "Firefighters Meet Paralyzed Father of Waitress Who Performed Selfless Act".  Dozens of similar headlines and stories abound in the mainstream press. All reports state the previous December Liz Woodward started a go fund me page on behalf of her father so he could purchase a wheelchair accessible van. She was hoping to raise $17,000.

From ABC News:

"The firefighters brought Phillies tickets for Steve, according to WPVI, which could be the first time Steve gets to leave the house other than doctors' appointments in five years".

"Weddings, funerals, celebrations, and graduations... He's missed them all. Family picnics on 4th of July or out to the park to watch fireworks  (we???ve always watched them out his hospital window). We???ve shared everything with him on cell phones in videos and photographs since he couldn???t get there"

"we're just firefighters [a modest Paul Hullings]. We're also caring people, we want to be part of everybody's life". 

Liz Woodward: "The message is to be kind to each other, to pay it forward when you can, that even the smallest gesture can change somebody's life".

I am not a cold hearted person. I am thrilled that Woodward's father Steve can now afford to purchase a wheelchair accessible van. I am delighted the story has prompted donations to soar to $77,000.  I am even happier a wheelchair van company has loaned the Woodward's a van at no cost to the family. Like the vast majority of the population Steve Woodward can come and go as he desires. Yet I am ill at ease and more than a little bit angry about how the Wooward's story has been spun. Pity and charity are at the forefront. One family has benefited. Agin, this is great for the Woodward family.  This however is seriously misleading. When I read about this is in the news this is what I wondered:

Why has Woodward not left his home in five years aside from doctors appointments?

Why did he miss so many family events?

Why did he miss 4th of July fireworks?

Why could he not go to the park?

Why did Wood ward not have an accessible van for years on end?

More generally why do wheelchair vans cost so much?

Where was the so called social safety net that could empower Woodward to get out and about on a regular basis?

Where were the humble firefighters who stated they wanted to be part of every one's life?

Where was the disability community who could have supported Woodward?

Why did doctors nurses, social workers, and other health care professionals that knew Woodward was a virtual shut in for years and years act on his behalf?

The sort of questions I pose do not prompt a warm and fuzzy reaction. Indeed, I sound harsh in the extreme. Sorry, but I find the Woodward family's experience all too common. It is in fact the norm. The denial of basic services for people with a disability are shockingly inadequate. The Woodward family got lucky. Christina Symanski, also a resident of New Jersey, did not get lucky. She got help. She got help to die. With the support of others she died legally via VSED--voluntary suspension of eating and drinking. Essentially she dehydrated to death. Yes, this is legal and is endorsed by Compassion and Choices, the leading organization that advocates for assisted suicide legislation.

The Woodward family was caught in a Catch 22 situation. All wanted the best for Steve Woodward. His problems were less physical than they were and remain social. Caring health care workers knew his situation. Perhaps they advocated on his behalf and failed. I have no doubt he is beloved by his family who also did their best for him. They likely were frustrated in the extreme and likely encountered one brick wall after another. This is one's life when disability enters the picture. Poverty and disability go hand in hand. The ADA has done nothing to change this dialectical relationship. Sadly, no one cares. Perhaps that is too hard a viewpoint. No one wants to think about disability that I know for sure. Disability is something that affects other people. Say a prayer or make the sign of the cross and hope disability never happens. This is a very bad plan. The cultural exclusion of people with a disability has been the norm in the United States. Disability is without question culturally bound. Ask the Woodward's how their life has changed since Steve was paralyzed. I am sure they were stunned at the lack of resources available. How does a middle class family afford a wheelchair accessible van when they cost up to and can be more than $80,000. Creating a go fund me page is understandable. But what is the larger social cost? Ableist beliefs are reinforced. Stereotypes are created and reinforced. Disability is an individual's problem; it is not an issue of Civil Rights. The Woodward's got unlucky. We as a society get to pick and choose who gets "help". Wrong! People with a disability do not want help we want equality. We want a typical life. This is not too much to ask.

Able bodied privilege is a given until one ends up in the land of disability.  This is the land of non typical bodies even our heath care system is not designed to accommodate. Entry into the land of disability is shocking to those not exposed to disability. Hell, it is a shock to me 35 plus years post disability. How can society condone the exclusion of a class of people? Why does disability seem to inevitably lead to poverty. Why are some people so fearful of disability they are hailed as strong or heroic figures when they commit suicide. Think Brittany Maynard.

The failure of an individual and we as a nation is an utter lack of imagination for what could be. Imagine this. People with a disability are an important part of society. Exclusion does not exist because it is socially unacceptable--an anathema. Every small town to large city demands equal access. Ramps and elevators abound. Screen readable print matter is the norm. Deaf interpreters abound and Deaf culture is celebrated. Quiet rooms for those with sensory issues exist in every building constructed. All houses and apartment building are accessible as are all our institutions and schools. The lack of access in the broadest sense of the terms is met with outrage. Change is demanded by every person in the nation. Disability contains no stigma. Schools teach stories about how people with a disability were once excluded from the public by ugly laws. Children learn about how women terminated pregnancies because of conditions like Down Syndrome. This comes as a shock to the young who ask why? Why did that happen? Why did ablism exist? These are the type of questions we should be asking and not in some sort of far away future. I know I will never experience such a dystopia but I can dream. If my dreams come true all will benefit and the Woodwards would not need to benefit from luck.

Tuesday, August 4, 2015

25 Years Post ADA Academia Remains Hostile to Disability

Stephen Kuusisto has put up a number of posts at his blog Planet of the Blind. No doubt, he has started August with a bang. His posts have deeply touched me as they reflect my experience as a scholar with a disability. Believe me, we scholars with a disability are a rare breed. The rarity of professors with an obvious disability is a problem that has a deleterious impact on the entire university. An unintended ableist message is sent to the academic community. Disability in the most general sense of the term is an unlucky individual's problem. Worse, the university gets to decide what is and is not a so called reasonable accommodation. Oh my how universities balk when accommodations are requested. The resistance to providing the legally required reasonable accommodations has not improved since the ADA was passed. I would contend the resistance to making the required accommodations has gotten worse (especially for students with learning disabilities). Reasonable accommodations are perceived to be a one off. In other words, the person requesting a reasonable accommodation due to his or her disability is deemed narcissistic and an economic drain. ASL interpreters cost too much! We have no idea how to convert a file or academic program to a screen readable format! Sorry, we never thought about wheelchair access. The list of ADA violations is seemingly endless. When I point out that the ADA is civil rights legislation and enforced by the DOJ I am deemed bitter or have a chip on my shoulder. In failing to provide reasonable accommodations universities nationwide are violating Federal Law. They are violating the civil rights of all people with a disability. When the discussion is framed as a civil rights issue lawyers are put on the speed dial. ADA coordinators schedule suddenly gets busy, phone calls are not returned, and one can quickly discover you are thought to be a pariah. This quite easily accomplished when you are the only scholar with a disability on campus or attended a conference.

The deeply rooted discrimination against people with a disability is most evident when scholars such as myself, Kuusisto and others try to attend academic conferences. Kuusisto has written about this as have I. In "The AWP and Disability Inclusion" Kuusisto detailed some of the problems he has had over the years attending the annual meetings.
  1. Hotel in Chicago tells me I can’t come in with my guide dog. Old game. Get the manager. Checking in takes 45 minutes. Dog is thirsty and hungry after plane trip.
  2. Ask for accessible handouts at panels. None. Shrugs from panelists. Eye rolling.
  3. Complain to national office about accessibility problems with conference website. Eye rolling.
  4. Fall down while entering a big room where a popular panel is about to take place. The panelists walk over me while I’m on the floor. One of them is very famous. He talks about empathy in his prepared remarks.
  5. Ask for escort to find things. Takes 1 hour to find accessibility services table. Miss the panel.
  6. No one is educated about helping disabled people. Lots of “I’ll see what I can do…”
  7. Wheelchair users have lousy time with everything from transportation to access.
  8. Deaf people have to fight to get sign language.
This is a modest list. It could easily include dozens examples of the blatant bias blind scholars experience. I have had many similar experiences when I travel and request a reasonable accommodation. It is very rare to receive a prompt request in large part because no one ever thought of it. Access information is like gold--a rare, and for me, highly valued commodity. For me, this information means making a flight or not. Attending an academic session or not. Being able to shower or not. Go to the website you say. Good luck. Test this for yourself. Find the AWP information about disability on the organization's website. It is buried and useless. Here are some highlights I have experienced.

1. The removal of the illegal and potentially dangerous ramp leading to a dais platform is not made. The request was made three days earlier and repeated daily. Hotel employees appear 10 minutes late, take 15 minutes to break down the ramp and reorganize the room. My one hour session is reduced to 30 minutes. The session is ruined. I am deemed unreasonable and the cause of the failed session.

2. Tables at most meeting sites are so high I cannot see or use them.

3. Buffet food is so high I cannot even see what is offered. Hotels bar are usually inaccessible.

4. The hotel shuttle bus lift is broken. The meeting organizer asked if an accessible shuttle bus was available. They were told yes. They were not told the lift has not been operational for six months. The lift to the pool, breakfast nook lifts are also not operational.

5. Accessible rooms were not reserved for the block of rooms secured. I am not eligible for the steep discount associated with attendance.  Hence my room cost can go from about $150 to $400. The contract signed cannot be broken. I check in and check out. I hope I can find a nearby accessible hotel. Lucky me, I find a hotel but they only have an accessible room with tub. I need a roll in shower. I get to sleep but cannot shower.

6. Finding any information about my options for mass transportation is a mystery. The person I speak with after a dozen calls go unanswered tells me the organization is only responsible for access at the meeting venue itself. The person suggests I call the hotel. I call the hotel and they tell me to call the academic organization. I am further told their responsibility to provide access is limited to the hotel property. A loop of misinformation starts.

7. I would like to ask a question. All microphones are too high to reach. I request that at least one microphone be lowered. This takes three days to arrange despite daily requests. Success occurs on the fourth day as I check out.

8. No list of accessible bars, restaurants, taxis, etc. in the area are available. No list of cultural institutions is available in terms of access. I am firmly trapped in hotel.

The word to describe the above used by Kuusisto: demoralizing. I find it demoralizing and isolating to attend academic meetings. The impact this has had on my life and career has been profound. Kuusisto has written: "I think the AWP [insert any other academic organization acronym] needs to organize a committee on disability access best practices". I have spent much time with an academic organization to improve access for scholars with a disability. I was on a Presidential panel about access and helped produce a report for the organization that took about a year to write.  Fast forward two years and none of the modest recommendations were enacted. Kuusisto noted "I know disabled folks who continue to go to the conference. They believe earnestly that showing up will change the dynamics. I no longer believe this". I was a true believer at one point. I now believe efforts to be inclusive for scholars with a disability are doomed to failure. I further believe academic panels created to improve disability access are designed to exhaust the few true believers. I further believe there is no interest in accommodating scholars with a disability. Kuusisto concluded:

The problem for those of us with disabilities is that the permanence of physical or neurological difference is unbridgeable and the built environments that occlude or obstruct our progress are still omnipresent. The Americans with Disabilities Act told us boldly to come into the village square or the agora. We’re here. We like our colleagues. We want them to like us. We feel sad about the eye rolling. The good news? Eye rolling can be a temporary condition.

Oh, the eye rolling that takes place when a scholar makes a request for a reasonable accommodation! It is truly impressive. The disrespect is extreme. The lack of care and interest is obvious. Much clucking takes place about how important diversity is. Oh yes we place great value on accessibility I am told time and time again. Yet I encounter barriers, social and physical, at every academic meeting I attend. Kuusisto and I are what I call pre ADA cripples. We went to school and fought tooth and nail to be "mainstreamed" and get a good education. Not only did we push but so did our supportive parents. The bias we experienced was extreme and in some cases confrontational. The law was not on our side. For instance we did not have the right to a public school education until IDEA was passed in 1975. After fighting to get into a graduate program I was told I had to be the best or star student. I did not mind this one bit. I was full of piss an vinegar and embraced this challenge. It was like putting a red flag in front of a bull. But what about all those potential scholars that might not want this challenge? Careers were ended before they started. This says nothing of the humiliation I experienced when earning my PhD at Columbia University. Accessible bathrooms were virtually non existent. Ramps conformed to no known code. Barriers abounded. Many wondered why I was in the PhD program. I was told more than once that "I was wasting a spot for a person who was going to go on and get a job". The assumption was I was unemployable.

What is a crippled scholar to do? I suppose the tiny population of professors that exist handle disability based bias differently. In the UK Stephen Hawking revels in his fame and rarely discusses disability based bias. When he makes a societal observation I cringe. For instance, he supports assisted suicide--this is all too easy for him as no one is going to suggest we end the life of the supposedly smartest man on the planet. What Hawking ignores are all those on the "dole" who are disenfranchised and struggle to live day by day. And me? I hate to admit it but I really care what others think of me. I try not to think along these lines. Yet at heart I care about how others perceive me. I also know I will never measure up or down to societal expectations. The bar is set low or impossible high people with a disability. A normal life is impossible and we are reduced to a metaphor--think inspirational existence. Some people with a disability make a career out of this.  Kuusisto wrote:

 I don’t care what people think of me–I’m a person with an evident disability living in a civilization that sentimentalizes disabilities. The blind man who climbs a mountain can dine out forever giving talks about inspiration–talks that tell millions who live in thrall to sad confirmations that their lives could be bigger if only they dared live bigger. I have a general disdain for these sorts of talks, and in truth would rather have a colonoscopy without anesthetic than listen to the treacle that far too many celebrities with disabilities willingly toss at conferences and conventions. Inspirational speaking is always missing the point–that life is life, and lived with better ideas it’s a better business. Life is not cavalier emulation. It’s something else.

Like Kuusisto, at some level I do not care what people think of me. If I did know what many strangers thought of me I could not exit my front door. I honestly do not want to know. I share Kuusisto disdain for inspirational talks that are in fact not inspirational at all. They are just destructive.  Such talks enhance ableist beliefs that must be undermined. In the end, my two go to emotions are depression and anger. Lately I have been very depressed. Yet I adapt and try and turn the depressing I feel into a healthy anger. Anger I told Kuusisto is useful. I joke angry cripples get shit done. My last sentence was an homage to Ed Roberts one of the first prominent disability rights leaders in this country. He wrote: "Most psychiatrists and service professionals who work with us tell us that anger is a bad thing...a stage to get over or something that we need to overcome. But anger is a powerful energy. We don't need to suppress or get over our anger, we need to channel it into making change for the greater good. We need to make sure that we don't turn our anger in on ourselves or our loved ones, but focus it on removing obstacles, and making things happen.". Link: http://www.wid.org/about-wid/highlights-from-speeches-by-ed-roberts

I want to make things happen too. To a degree, the ability make things happen has been impaired by the ADA. Yes, the law is on our side. Yes, progress has been made. I suppose what bothers me the most about the ADA celebrations was the lack of anger. The system that supposedly supports people with a disability is designed to wear you down. Life is a fight for survival as one is routinely on the edge of poverty and typically unemployed. We people with a disability need to embrace anger and what Ed Roberts called "cripple power". Screw the system. There are enough cripples in the nation to form a powerful political coalition. A detailed knowledge of disability history would be instructive and makes for a grim read. From this history we could enlighten others and get angry at the same time. Perhaps this could prompt social change. At the present social change is either absent or proceeding at a glacial pace. I for one would like to feel that I am equal to people without a disability before I die. I doubt it will happen but will give it my all.

Thursday, July 30, 2015

I am Not the Only Cranky Cripple

I am pleased to see many people with a disability and those familial with disability rights are writing about the short comings of the ADA. I am weary of adding the proviso "Yes, the ADA has been a central reason the physical and social environment is more accessible but..." Screw the but. We people with a disability are subjected to unacceptable abuse. If you doubt this assessment I suggest you read about an experience Liz Henry just had on a San Francisco bus. Link: https://www.rt.com/usa/311132-wheelchaired-woman-bus-san-francisco/ Oh have I heard this before: You should't even be on the bus". It reminds me of the bad days when New York City MTA buses were first equipped with wheelchair lifts. The lifts, thanks in part to the mayor and rags such as the NY Post, people were staunchly opposed to them. I was a bus buddy for the EPVA and vividly recall waiting for a bus on a hot summer day and hearing people on the bus encourage the driver not to deploy the lift. I could hear most passengers chanting "Go, go, go, go...". Fast forward 25 years and the bus drivers in NYC treat me as poorly as any other passenger. Rarely does a bus driver refuse to deploy the lift. I am just a another body getting on and off. 

The above memory was prompted by reading post at Musings of an Angry Black Womyn. She wrote about the very white appearance of the disability rights celebrations. I am the symbolic representation of the movement: white, typical body in many ways, middle aged and using a manual wheelchair. My presence is expected. I am struck by this and the severely limited number of black people present at ADA celebrations. With delight I read the following: 


The face of the ADA, like the face of the disability community and the disability rights movement is White. Of course, those who authored the ADA, as well as the politicians who pushed it forward, along with the disability rights leaders and the one who signed it into law were all White. Fine. I have nothing but the deepest respect for you all. Still, the way the story is told, you'd think Black folks just sat on our duffs and sucked up the benefits of the ADA while White folks and a few Latinos did all the work.

I'm going to tell my version of the narrative, which is every bit as true as the mainstream version. Black folks helped get the ADA passed, too. We didn't write the law, but we put our bodies and lives on the line to get it passed. Even before the first word of the legislation was written, before the first hearing, before anything, 

Black folks were out there fighting for accessible public transportation and accessible public spaces. Black folks fought for the ADA just as hard as White folks. We chained and handcuffed ourselves to buses. We helped shut down buildings and stayed overnight in freezing cold weather. We climbed those 83 steps of the Capitol. We were arrested in the Capitol Rotunda, too, but no one seems to know or remember that. Even today, Black folks continue to put our bodies and lives on the line, but 99% of what you hear and see are White folks.

Am I angry? Jealous? Jaded? You bet! I see all these White folks being lauded and praised, but only a couple of token Blacks appear anywhere. Young White folks who weren't even born when we Black folks were being dragged from our wheelchairs or beat up by cops are being seen as the face of the movement, while Black folks aren't really spoken of unless you're considered respectable. To date, I've only seen three Black folks put forward as leaders in the disability rights movement and one of them has passed away.

Why is it that the face of the ADA, the disability community and the disability rights movement is White? Is it racism? Is it the system of White supremacy? Is it because White is the default condition or experience? I maintain that it's all of the above.


Bravo! Love the mixture of astute observations and anger. Ah, anger. A friend of mine jokes that "Anger gets shit done". All too true. Yet anger directed inward is incredibly destructive. Balancing two types of anger can be very difficult. I for one embrace anger that is directed outward in a painfully polite manner. I do my best to avoid directing anger inward as depression can be lethal. So on this dreary rainy day in Central New York I share the outward anger and musings Of An Angry Black Woman.  

Wednesday, July 29, 2015

Transportation Inequality

I love to travel. It is among the best ways to learn about the diversity in the broadest sense of the term.  For instance without driving across states such as Kansas, Iowa, and Nebraska one truly understands the term "America's bread basket". Our cities are also remarkably diverse. We have the fast paced energy of New York City and the cool chill of Seattle and Portland. We have dense urban areas and stunningly isolated ranges like the Wind River Valley in Wyoming. Our national parks are impressive and it is beyond my ability to describe their beauty. Not even Ken Burns multi part documentary adequately showed off the national parks.

There is one constant for me when I travel. Access to mass transportation for a person such as myself that uses a wheelchair is routinely difficult in the extreme. Buses, trains, subways, taxis, planes all needlessly create chaos that undermine the ability of people with a disability  to travel. Airlines routinely destroy wheelchairs. Wheelchair lifts on buses are somehow broken or the drivers refuse to use the lift often claiming ignorance. Accessible taxis are as rare as diamonds in many cities. Subways in the vast majority of cities are grossly inaccessible. Rental car companies often do not have the car with hand controls rented weeks or days in advance. Shuttle buses at airports are not always accessible. Hotel shuttle buses are also typically not accessible. Profound and difficult problems abound. Discount travel is pure folly. Airbnd and Uber have been hostile to people with a disability and been sued multiple times. Hotels usually have a severely limited number of accessible rooms all too often located next to the ice machine, across from the elevator or another undesirable location. Restaurants have what I call "cripple tables", like hotel rooms, the location is terrible.

Clearly the presence of people with a disability when traveling is a problem--an individual problem for which others are ever so sorry exists. I do not want an "I am sorry" I want to be equal to the bipedal hordes that the country is designed for. The lack of access has been on my mind since I left Boston. Unlike the NYC subway system, the Boston T is remarkably accessible. About 80% of the stops are accessible. In NYC I would guess at most 20% of MTA stops are accessible. Essentially the NYC subway system is useless if you use a wheelchair. I do not even bother to consider it as an option. This graphic more than my words highlight just how bad the NYC subway is in terms of access.

First, the MTA map for bipeds:


Now a map for the MTA accessible stops. This does not take into consideration all the broken elevators which is a sizable percentage.


I have looked at the maps above for over a month. I shake my head in wonder and concern. How is a poor or middle class person using a wheelchair going to get to work on a timely and inexpensive way? In NYC it is not the subway system. If you use a wheelchair and want to use the mass transit system in NYC the bus is the best option. MTA bus drivers may not be friendly but they rarely complain about operating the wheelchair lift. No mass transportation system is ideal.  My only complaint with the Boston T was the elevators. They are filthy and the stench can be overwhelming. Worse, they are used by some as a toilet or a place to smoke pot and crack. What I felt in Boston using the subway was freedom. I had the freedom to get from point A to point B quickly inexpensively and efficiently. The only other city I could say the same about is San Francisco and BART. The fact severely limited mass transportation options exist helps explain in part why so many people with a disability are unemployed--a number that has not changed since the ADA was signed into law. So pardon me if I remain cranky about all the ADA parties, marches, and heaps of praise the law has received the last few weeks.

My good friend and colleague Stephen Kuusiso is like me in that we are both weary of ADA celebrations. Life for we people with a disability is hard. This is not a woe is me observation. It is simply a fact. In Kuusito's blog Planet of the Blind he recently wrote he is a "sour puss".


I feel as if the celebrations are taking place while Rome is burning. What a sour puss! 
As of today, only 25% of college students with disabilities actually graduate.
As of today, 70% of the disabled remain unemployed.
As of today, airlines destroy wheelchairs in transit at alarming rates.
As of today, public transportation remains marginally accessible in most cities.
As of today, I could go on and on…
Sour puss indeed.
“But Kuusisto,” you say, “haven’t we made significant progress since 1990? Can’t you see that?”
I’m not sure.  Most businesses and universities think of the ADA as “an unfunded mandate” and treat it with disrespect.
Progress. How we Americans love progress. Progress and the ADA do not do much good for the person with a  disability that wants to travel. If I fly to Chicago, Denver, Seattle, San Jose, New Orleans and dozens of other cities and ask a myriad of people how can I get from the airport to downtown the most common reply is "I have no idea". I find this unacceptable. So please let's stop talking about how great the ADA is. The ADA was a start, nothing more than a start that has not been supported by the general population of the United States. What I hear again and again is the ADA is an unfunded social mandate. This disturbs me. The ADA is Civil Rights legislation designed to protect the rights of people with a disability. Frankly, the law is weak, poorly written, and ignored. I am not happy and will continue to express my displeasure. Screw the ADA parties. Go form a protest, practice civil disobedience and make the nation accessible to all. The ADA sure has not been all its cracked up to me.